cj#303> Yugoslavia: The OIL angle


Richard Moore

Date:         Thu, 9 Nov 1995 05:18:36 -0500
Sender:       Progressive News & Views List <•••@••.•••>
Subject:      Imperialism - spell it O-I-L

[*********PNEWS CONFERENCES************]

/* Written by •••@••.••• in igc:p.news */
/* ---------- "Imperialism - spell it O-I-L" ---------- */
From: Scott Marshall <•••@••.•••>

**Imperialism -- spell it O-I-L**

(Reprinted from the November 4, 1995 issue of the People's
Weekly World. Maybe reprinted or reposted with PWW credit.
For subscription information see below)

By Victor Perlo

In what may prove to have been his final political action,
Boris Yeltsin, in a four-hour meeting with President
Clinton, agreed, in essence, to a path that subjects Russia
to colonial rule by the United States. Under his
capitulation, a few thousand Russian troops will act as
support troops for the American military and their NATO
allies in the invasion of Yugoslavia. The Russian soldiers
will be under the command of General George Joulwan,
American NATO chief for Europe. As the only "concession,"
the letters NATO will not appear on orders sent to the

In the spring of 1941 Hitler invaded Yugoslavia just prior
to the invasion of the Soviet Union in June of that year.
The 1995/96 "NATO" attack on Yugoslavia is to be the next
stage in the continuing, slower-paced, differently-designed
American plan for the takeover of the former USSR. The
bottom line is for U.S. transnationals to cash in on "the
sole superpower's cold war victory."

The biggest prize: Oil -- the world's largest still untapped
and undeveloped reserves. Oil -- the most profitable
foreign-investment industries.

The immediate target is the oil under and around the Caspian
Sea, in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, which have weak, pliable
governments. For hundreds of years the Caspian Sea was
primarily a Russian lake, except for a small southern border
on Iran. But now Clinton's aim is to abolish all Russian
influence from the Caspian, claiming the United States'
"vital interest" to be the dominant power there.

Before World War I, oil -- in significant quantities for the
time -- was produced in the Baku area (Azerbaijan).
Facilities were owned mainly by the Swedish Nobel interests.
Nationalized under Soviet rule, Caspian-area oil production
was expanded. But after World War II it was overshadowed by
gigantic developments in Siberia and elsewhere, making the
USSR, despite the U.S. embargo on new technology, the
world's leading producer of oil.

Now oil in the Caspian area is being divided among
consortium of companies -- mainly parts of the old Standard
Oil empire. The Azerbaijanian consortium is dominated by
U.S. companies -- Exxon and Amoco among them -- but with
small stakes for six other countries, including Turkey and a
token for a private Russian company with connections to

The pipeline from Baku goes through Russian territory to the
Black Sea port of Novorossisk where the oil is exported. The
expansion necessary to handle peak production would cost $50
million. However, to eliminate Russian influence, the United
States wants, instead, to build a $250 million pipeline
through the Republic of Georgia to Turkey, and ultimately to
the Mediterranean Sea.

According to press reports, that deal is going through, with
the collaboration of Geidar Aliyev, president of Azerbaijan,
and Eduard Shevardnadze, Georgian dictator closely
associated with Gorbachev's treachery.

The richest prize is the Tengiz fields of Kazakhstan, in
which Chevron holds the largest share and controls
production. Russian government officials have a share, and
Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin made a deal with John
Deuss, president of the Oman government-owned oil company,
whereby Deuss -- and his Russian pals -- control the

The Clinton administration has mounted an extraordinary
effort against this -- or any -- Russian-backed pipeline. As
the New York Times put it earlier this month, "American
officials frame the conflict with Russia in geopolitical and
commercial terms, calling the fate of these projects central
to the pro-Western development of a region destined to be
one of the world's leading energy suppliers in the next

Until Deuss (backed by Britain) is removed from the picture,
Clinton has forbidden Chevron to expand production and has
blocked essential loans to the company from the World Bank
and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

Communist parties of the former Soviet republics have vowed
to cooperate in a decisive effort to reunite the USSR and to
take back from the imperialists the wealth created by the
labors of millions of Soviet workers, engineers and
geologists during the more than 70-year existence of the
first land of socialism.


 Posted by      Richard K. Moore <•••@••.•••>
                Wexford, Ireland (USA citizen)
                Editor: The Cyberjournal (@CPSR.ORG)

See the CyberLib at:
See Cyber-Rights library:

You are encouraged to forward and cross-post messages and online materials
for non-commercial use, provided they are copied in their entirety, with
all headers, signatures, etc., intact.