cj#664> National ID Card Is Now Federal Law


Richard Moore

Date: Sun, 13 Apr 1997
Sender: Francisco Lopez <•••@••.•••>

From:   •••@••.••• (Mark A. Smith)

 National ID Card Is Now Federal Law and Georgia Wants To Help Lead the Way

By: Cyndee Parker

In September of 1996, President Clinton signed into law, the Illegal
Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996. Buried at
approximately page 650 of the new national Defense Bill, also known as
Public Law 104-208, Part B, Title IV, the American public was given a
national ID card. With no fanfare, no publicity and no scrutiny, the bill
easily avoided the watchful eyes of even its most aggressive opponents.

The Coalition to Repeal the Fingerprints Law, a Georgia grassroots movement
trying to rid the state of the new requirement to give digital fingerprints
in order to obtain a state ID or driver's license, recently found the
national ID tie. The group found that the national law not only mandates a
national ID card, but found how it is to be used.

In Section 401-403, pilot programs have been initiated by the U.S. Attorney
General, one of which is the "Machine Readable Document Pilot Program". In
this particular program, employers would have to "procure" a document reader
linked to the federal government's Social Security Administration in order
to have the potential employee swipe their new driver's license/national ID
card through the reader. Then, it would be up to the federal government to
either approve or disapprove the applicant for employment.

Section 326 and 327 provide $5,000,000 per year grants to each state
participating in any of the three pilot programs. The money has been
allocated through the Criminal Alien Tracking Center and is called the
Criminal Alien Identification System. The "automated identification system",
which is to be used by "Federal, State, and local law enforcement" and will
"provide for recording of fingerprints of aliens previously arrested and
removed". The grants run from "fiscal years 1997 through 2001".

Additionally, Section 656 of the new law states that "after October 1, 2000,
Federal agencies may only accept as proof of identity driver's licenses that
conform to standards developed by the Secretary of the Treasury", after
consultation with state motor vehicle officials and the American Association
of Motor Vehicle Administrators. The AAMVA sees digital fingerprinting as
the best way to go in driver's license identifiers.

Fearing that all Americans were about to be digitally tattooed under the
government's paranoiac guise of catching everything from aliens to dead beat
dads, Congressman Dick Armey (R-TX) was one of the first to voice his
opinion. Armey called the move, "an abomination and wholly at odds with the
American tradition of individual freedom". Senator Spencer Abraham (R-MI)
joined Armey in signing a letter denouncing the computer registry and
tracking system and Jack Kemp announced in the New York Times that this was,
"an anti-privacy, anti-business and anti-American approach" and that "it was
no way to run immigration policy". Of course, all this was said before the
bills were snuck through in the last defense bill. There is a possibility at
this time, they don't even know the proposed legislation became law.

For the first time in American history and reminiscent of Communist
countries, our government would have the ability to grant approval before a
private company enters into private employment contracts with private
citizens. Because of the nature of the employment system alone, personal
information would be accessible to local agencies and anyone who even claims
to be an employer. The government would have comprehensive files of all
American citizen's names, dates of birth, place of birth, mother's maiden
names, Social Security numbers, gender, race, driving records, child support
payments, divorce status, hair color, eye color, height, weight, and
anything else they may dream up in the future.

On May 10, 1995, a hearing was held by the Senate Subcommittee on
Immigration entitled, "Verification of Applicant Identity for the Purposes
of Employment and Public Assistance". The hearing was chaired by Senator
Alan Simpson (R-WY) and attended by Senators Ted Kennedy (D-MA), Dianne
Feinstein (D-CA), and John Kyl (R-AZ). Robert Razor of the Secret Service
Financial Crimes Division gave the Subcommittee an explanation of the
emerging biometric technological role in personal identification. He said,
"The use of biometrics is the means by which an individual may be
conclusively identified. There are two types of biometric identifiers:
physical and behavioral characteristics. Physiological biometrics include
facial features, hand geometry, retinal and iris patterns, DNA, and
fingerprints. Behavioral characteristics include voice characteristics and
signature analysis."

Now the people of America not only must have digital tattoos on their
driver's licenses, we must also give information to the government when
boarding commercial aircraft, called personality profiles, along with a
government ID card. Of course, this guise is in order to catch some would be
terrorist. Dianne Feinstein, author of the national ID law, explained in a
Capitol Hill magazine that it was her intention to see Congress immediately
implement a national identity system where every American is required to
carry a card with a "magnetic strip on it which the bearer's unique voice,
retina pattern, or fingerprint is digitally encoded." She also stated that
"fifteen years ago, they would have torn the building down". We probably
would have if we had known about it. I hope she doesn't mind that Georgia
left out the magnetic strip and replaced it with two dimensional bar-coding.

During closing remarks of the May 10 Subcommittee meeting, Senator Alan
Simpson stated, "There is much to do here, but I was just saying to Ted
[Kennedy] before he left, a hearing like this fifteen years ago, would have
torn the building down. And here we are today, just a bunch of us, kind of
sitting around and no media, no nothing. This is fine with me. I get tired
of them on this issue."

Based on other federal mandates, the Associated Press reported in the
Wichita Eagle on March 6, 1997 that the "Federal government mandates a
registry of new employees: State lawmakers balk at bill required by Congress
to ease child support collection. A bill designed to increase state
collection of child support payments was described as a "Big Brother" move
and drew little support from members of the Senate Judiciary Committee on
Wednesday. But the federal government says the legislature must pass it or
the state could lose as much as $29 million in federal funds." The bill
referred to requires the state to set up a "new hires directory" that would
require all employers to report to the state information about every newly
hired employee. The directory would be made available to the Department of
Social and Rehabilitation Services for child support collections. In the
article, they reported that "the date in Kansas and other states, although
confidential, would be available to a national directory of new hires." They
further reported that all people would be listed, regardless of age and even
those that have no child support obligation.

The Senate Judiciary Committee in Kansas was quick to offer comments
condemning the federal mandate. Senator Mike Harris from Wichita, the
committee chairman said, "This is the most potentially significant,
far-reaching piece of legislation that has come through this committee". The
legislators from both parties referred to "Big Brother" and George Orwell's
novel, "1984". Kansas State Senator Paul Feleciano of Wichita said, "If ever
we give witness to Big Brother watching over us, this is the beginning of
it". Sen. Ed Pugh of Wamego had sharper words for the bill. He said, "I
don't see how it can be drafted by someone in a free society. It's a perfect
example of the ends justifying the means." These Kansas lawmakers are not
referring to the Immigration Act, but to another new federal law, the
Welfare Reform Act. If Kansas refuses to have a state bill in place later
this year, they will loose as much as $29 million in federal funds for child
support collection. Senator Pugh said it is a "wholesale assault on
Constitutional rights".

The new driver's license requirement mandating fingerprints for Georgia
driver's and those wanting ID cards passed the state legislature with
virtually no public or media attention in April of 1996. The first known
announcement was on the local Atlanta news announcing an October 1996 date
to begin fingerprinting. Cyndee Parker, now a coordinator for the Coalition
to Repeal the Fingerprint Law in Georgia began the campaign to repeal the
egregious law.

Many Georgia lawmakers joined in on the repeal efforts. Representatives
Mitchell Kaye, Brian Joyce, Vernon Jones and Senator Pam Glanton were the
first to help lead the repeal efforts in the General Assembly of Georgia.
Eight bills were drawn by the House and one by the Senate. Mitchell Kaye
refers to the law as, "tracking us like a can of dog food".

Due to the Governor's and House Speaker's manipulations, all eight House
bills were held hostage by the House Motor Vehicle's Committee and were
never voted on. The Senate overwhelmingly passed a Senate Bill, only to find
it placed as hostage, along with the other bills in Motor Vehicles. On the
last night of the Georgia Session, Senator Glanton amended another driver's
license related bill and it also was never voted on by the House due to the
same manipulations, illegal rule changes and an incredible amount of
confusion on the House Floor. Governor Miller stated numerous times during
the year that he would veto any repeal effort. House Speaker Tom Murphy was
happy to see that the Governor did not have to get out his veto pen.

The Coalition will now take their story around the state using town hall
meetings. The repeal effort has made very strange political bedfellows, with
such groups as the ACLU, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the
Libertarian Party of Georgia, the Christian Coalition, American's for Lawful
Government, ABATE a motorcycle rider's education group, and many other
diverse groups, totaling about 20 in all and growing rapidly. The Coalition
believes that once Georgian's know about the federal implications, the
groundswell will grow so large that the Governor will have no choice but rid
the state of the obviously federally mandated bill. The group says that at
least the State of Washington was honest with its citizens when proposing
the same fingerprinting legislation. Right in Section 1 of the Washington
bill, they state this is a national ID card in conformity with federal

Georgia just slipped theirs through unnoticed by lawmakers and the public,
the same way the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act
was. The group also had to notify their United States Congressional
Representatives and Senators, as they were unaware of the facts as well.
Both State and Federal Representatives and Senators had absolutely no
knowledge they had passed the new laws until the Coalition brought it to
their attention.

The Coaltion to Repeal the Fingerprints Law can be reached at 404-250-8105
or visit their web site at www.mcwebs.com/repeal/

NOTICE: Copyrighted article. Permission to place in newspapers, re-send,
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or additions. This notice must accompany all re-posting unless express
permission is given by the author.*** It is strongly suggested that this be
sent to legislators in all states to warn them of impending legislation on
their state levels.


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